Know About the RAID Server and the RAID Hard Drive in Detail

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  • Published on
    November 5th, 2019
  • Updated on
    February 20, 2021
  • Read Time
    4 minutes
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What does Raid Hard Drive Mean ?

RAID (redundant array of independent disks) is a storage solution that was formerly known as “Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks”. It is a technology for storage virtualization that incorporates numerous hard disks into a single logical unit to improve the data redundancy and performance. It saves data in mirrored and striped mode sometimes both, with parity or without parity. In this article, we will be describing various levels of RAID servers and also providing a solution for RAID Hard drive data recovery. So, let’s begin.

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Storage Techniques in RAID

1. Mirrored RAID

Mirrored RAID stores the data that are saved in two drives and gives the ideal duplicate. It also decreases the capacity of the RAID because everything saves twice, this is the perfect fault-tolerant solution. It allows for faster read time because two simultaneous read requests can proceed freely. Opposite of this, write consume more time because the data saved twice.

2. Striped RAID

It breaks data flow into multiple blocks of a particular size with a powerful read and writes throughput. It is often used with parity to check the errors.

3. Parity

This technique uses striping with the checksum method. A parity bit added to the end of the data string that is used for error checking and it only checks errors but does not correct them. In case of any drive failure, missing blocks can be recalculated easily from the checksum.

Various Levels of RAID Server and RAID Hard Drive

RAID combines multiple smaller and independent disks into a bigger storage size. And these disks are consolidated into the array members in various ways called the RAID levels.

  • RAID 0 Level (Disk Striping)

    It does not offer extra fault-tolerance and redundancy. It helps to increase the performance of the system with high read and write speed.

  • RAID 1 Level (Disk Mirroring)

    It is opposite to RAID 0 and uses the mirroring technique without striping and parity. It allows increasing redundancy and improves read times not write. There are also two more levels in it, RAID 0+1 and RAID 1E level with some difference.

  • RAID 2 Level

    It is rarely used level nowadays and it uses bit-level striping with Hamming-code parity.

  • RAID 3 Level

    This level is also less used level, it uses byte-level striping with parity and saved to a dedicated disk.

  • RAID 4 Level

    Block-level striping with dedicated parity used by RAID 4 that saves some part of predestined size to each disk.

  • RAID 5 Level (Striping with Parity)

    This level also uses block-level striping with distributed parity. It helps to improve the read speed in RAID 0 level.

  • RAID 6 Level (Striping with Double Parity)

    It is quite the same as RAID level 5 but this uses double separate parity functions. It allows extra fault-tolerance up to 2 failed disks.

  • RAID 10 Level (Striping + Mirroring)

    This level modulates mirroring and data striping and allows for robust fault tolerance. No mirror will be lost if multiple drives become fail.

Note 1: Don’t ever get confuse between RAID functionality and data backups. Some RAID levels provide redundancy which is different.

Note 2: All the RAID types are based on striping, mirroring and parity or 0 the assorted application of all 3 storage methods.

RAID Implementations in Hardware and Software

RAID can be implemented in two ways, one in hardware and another in software.

Hardware RAID

RAID gets built-up in different hardware which is as follows:

  1. Inexpensive and cheap RAID chip in the motherboard.
  2. This is the more expensive RAID and a complex, standalone RAID controller which can be easily equipped with own cache memory, CPU with battery backup.

Software RAID

This is the most cost-effective of all RAID solutions. Nowadays every operating system has inbuilt power of creating RAID. But this may be not for all the RAID levels.

What to do if data is corrupted in RAID Hard Drive?

Well, this question can be easily answered by performing RAID Hard Drive data recovery. Users can use a free RAID recovery software to recover and restore the corrupt data from RAID Hard drive 0, 1, and 5. RAID Recovery Software by SysInfoTools is the best solution for it. This software underpins both RAID-HDD and RAID-VHD and restores data in their original format a defined location. This utility supports GPT as well as MBR partition table formats and fetches data saved in this formats. The utility is compatible with all the operating systems and it has an interactive user interface.


I have described about RAID server and the RAID hard drive in detail, understand them carefully. To recover the corrupt data from RAID hard disk you can also use a third-party utility.

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