Here in this blog we will give the major difference between FAT and NTFS and help you to understand the structural design of both the file system.



You might be confused what is actually FAT and NTFS is? What does it stand for? We all use Computers in our day to day life and use to preserve our important files and data on hard drives present their in our Systems. FAT and NTFS is nothing but just the method to organize the data in the File System Format. FAT and NTFS both support the partition tables for the storage of data. Let us put some light on the basic structure of FAT file system and NTFS file system.

Here in this blog we will give the major Difference between FAT and NTFS and help you to understand the structural design of both the file system, with the help of which you get the clear idea about the data storage methods they follow

File Allocation Table (FAT)


We can see from the above table that VHDX is the advanced version of VHD which is launched by Window server 2012, with improvised features and facilities. It is clear that Hyper-V VHDX file is the present and future file format of the Window users because it is designed with today’s modern hardware. It includes 4KB logical sector size that makes its performance far better than VHD files. You must be thinking about how does it happen? To be precise, VHD drives are allocated with a fixed size. Yes, but with an advance version of VHD i.e, Hyper-V VHDX the size can be expanded on writing or adding any extra data to it. Still, confuse! See it and visualize the working condition of the files.

I hope the confusion about difference between VHD and VHDX must be cleared by now. I hope above information have helped you in enhancing your knowledge with deep understanding of the both file extension and why did it come up!

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New Technology File System (NTFS)


NTFS is standard file system Microsoft, which is starting with Windows NT 3.1 NTFS is supported in other desktop and Operating system like Linux, BSD (UNIX) and free and open sources. Even Mac OS support NTFS file System but only in readable mode.

NTFS prevents accessing of file disk data without mentioning the username and password, hence makes it more secured. This facilitates users to format bad sectors into healthy sectors without any disk check utility. Get more knowledgeable about its structure.

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Comparison Table Between FAT and NTFS

FAT (File Allocation Table) NTFS (New Technology File System)
Supported by DOS and all versions of Windows Supported by Windows NT, XP, Vista, 7, 2000,2003
Maximum file size can be extended up to 4GB Maximum file size can be extended up to 16TB
Uses 8 characters for naming Uses 255 characters for naming
No Encryption can be done Allows Encryption
FAT allows Conversion Conversion is prohibited in this
File Compression not allowed Compression friendly
No data sharing Data can be shared and accessed on network
Supports single booting (First sector) Supports dual booting system(First and Last)
Volume mounting not applicable Volume mounting is allowed in NTFS
Performance is good on low volume Performance is good on high volume
Fault tolerance is average Fault Tolerance is maximum

Now, you got the idea which is best for you because selection of file system is based on the person to person requirement, environment and so on. Selection from the FAT and NTFS is entirely hinge on the way you use your hard disk. Simplest and easiest way to select the best from both is to list out the features of both file system!

Hope you like the article!

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